E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?

Mahmut Cem Tarakcioglu, Abas Hasimoglu, Enes Gokler, Elif Can Ozturk, Alperen Bikmazer, Umut Mert Aksoy, Muhammed Tayyib Kadak.

Abstract
Objectives. Children with the speech sound disorder (SSD) had impairment in comprehensibility and SSD lead to significant problems in academic and social life especially with psychiatric comorbidities. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of comorbid psychiatric disorders on global functioning in children with SSD.
Methods. Children aged 416 years (n=301) who had incorrectly expressed phonemes as chief complaint were recruited retrospectively. Speech sound errors were evaluated with Speech Sound Development Test (SSDT), Clinical Global Impressions-Severity Scale (CGI-S) and psychiatric comorbidities were also evaluated according to DSM-5. Multiple linear regressions were performed to clarify the association between global functioning and speech sound errors, socio-demographic characteristics, and psychiatric comorbidities.
Results. Of the 301 participants 218 (72.4%) were female and the mean age was 75.49 22.88 months. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (25.6%), intellectual disability (ID) (23.6%), Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) (8.3%) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (3%) were identified as the most common comorbid psychiatric disorders in SSD. Multiple linear regression models confirmed that increased total number of incorrectly expressed phonemes, increased age, and low IQ values were associated with global functioning issues. In the adjusted model, only ID had a significant effect on global functioning.
Conclusions. Global functioning in SSD is affected by psychiatric comorbidities and especially by ID. It follows that psychiatric and cognitive assessment is important in the comprehensive evaluation of functioning in children diagnosed with SSD, for providing necessary therapies and educational guidance to enhance global functioning.

Key words: speech sound disorder (SSD), psychiatric comorbidities, global functioning, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), intellectual disability (ID)


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tarakcioglu MC, Hasimoglu A, Gokler E, Ozturk EC, Bikmazer A, Aksoy UM, Kadak MT. DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. PBS. 2020; 10(3): 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539


Web Style

Tarakcioglu MC, Hasimoglu A, Gokler E, Ozturk EC, Bikmazer A, Aksoy UM, Kadak MT. DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. http://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=302645275 [Access: January 07, 2021]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tarakcioglu MC, Hasimoglu A, Gokler E, Ozturk EC, Bikmazer A, Aksoy UM, Kadak MT. DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. PBS. 2020; 10(3): 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tarakcioglu MC, Hasimoglu A, Gokler E, Ozturk EC, Bikmazer A, Aksoy UM, Kadak MT. DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. PBS. (2020), [cited January 07, 2021]; 10(3): 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



Harvard Style

Tarakcioglu, M. C., Hasimoglu, . A., Gokler, . E., Ozturk, . E. C., Bikmazer, . A., Aksoy, . U. M. & Kadak, . M. T. (2020) DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. PBS, 10 (3), 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



Turabian Style

Tarakcioglu, Mahmut Cem, Abas Hasimoglu, Enes Gokler, Elif Can Ozturk, Alperen Bikmazer, Umut Mert Aksoy, and Muhammed Tayyib Kadak. 2020. DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 10 (3), 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



Chicago Style

Tarakcioglu, Mahmut Cem, Abas Hasimoglu, Enes Gokler, Elif Can Ozturk, Alperen Bikmazer, Umut Mert Aksoy, and Muhammed Tayyib Kadak. "DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 10 (2020), 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tarakcioglu, Mahmut Cem, Abas Hasimoglu, Enes Gokler, Elif Can Ozturk, Alperen Bikmazer, Umut Mert Aksoy, and Muhammed Tayyib Kadak. "DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 10.3 (2020), 134-140. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tarakcioglu, M. C., Hasimoglu, . A., Gokler, . E., Ozturk, . E. C., Bikmazer, . A., Aksoy, . U. M. & Kadak, . M. T. (2020) DO COMORBID PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS HAVE AN EFFECT ON GLOBAL FUNCTIONING IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPEECH SOUND DISORDER?. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 10 (3), 134-140. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200606090539