E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study

Abdullah Yildiz, Bahadir Genis, Zeynep Kotan, Behcet Cosar.

Abstract
Objective: The current study aims to indicate and compare type D personality traits, temperament and character traits, depression and anxiety levels, suicidality and social support in alcohol dependents and controls and to find out the association of these parameters with each other.
Methods: Sixty-nine alcohol-dependent patients and 58 age-matched healthy controls were assessed with Sociodemographic Data Form, Type-D Personality Scale 14, Temperament and Character Inventory, The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SAD PERSONS Scale and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.
Results: Alcohol dependents scored significantly higher than controls in terms of type D personality traits (p<0.001), novelty seeking (p<0.001) and harm avoidance (p=0.024) subscales of Temperament and Character Inventory, anxiety (p<0.001), depression (p<0.001) and suicidality (p<0.001). They scored significantly lower than controls in terms of persistence (p=0.020) and self-directedness (p=0.038). There was no significant difference between groups considering perceived social support (p=0.491). Correlation analysis revealed that increased harm avoidance (r=0.447, p<0.01), depression (r=0.426, p<0.01), anxiety (r=0.629, p<0.01), suicidality (r=0.277, p<0.05), decreased self-directedness (r=-0.529, p<0.01), and cooperativeness (r=-0.561, p<0.01) scores were associated with type D personality traits.
Conclusions: This study indicates that alcohol dependents exhibit type D personality traits more than the healthy controls and type D personality traits are associated with some aspects of Cloninger’s personality model, depression and anxiety levels and suicidality. These findings may have important implications for the consideration of personality factors within the treatment of alcohol dependent patients.

Key words: Alcohol Dependence, Type D Personality, Depression, Anxiety, Temperament, Character


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yildiz A, Genis B, Kotan Z, Cosar B. Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. PBS. 2021; 11(2): 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511


Web Style

Yildiz A, Genis B, Kotan Z, Cosar B. Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. http://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=302645376 [Access: July 26, 2021]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yildiz A, Genis B, Kotan Z, Cosar B. Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. PBS. 2021; 11(2): 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yildiz A, Genis B, Kotan Z, Cosar B. Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. PBS. (2021), [cited July 26, 2021]; 11(2): 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



Harvard Style

Yildiz, A., Genis, . B., Kotan, . Z. & Cosar, . B. (2021) Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. PBS, 11 (2), 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



Turabian Style

Yildiz, Abdullah, Bahadir Genis, Zeynep Kotan, and Behcet Cosar. 2021. Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (2), 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



Chicago Style

Yildiz, Abdullah, Bahadir Genis, Zeynep Kotan, and Behcet Cosar. "Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11 (2021), 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yildiz, Abdullah, Bahadir Genis, Zeynep Kotan, and Behcet Cosar. "Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11.2 (2021), 87-95. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yildiz, A., Genis, . B., Kotan, . Z. & Cosar, . B. (2021) Relationship Between Type D Personality, Temperament, Character, Anxiety, Depression, Suicide and Social Support in Alcohol Dependence: A Controlled Study. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (2), 87-95. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210312070511