E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers

Mert Besenek, Beril Gürlek.

Abstract
Objective: Becoming a mother during the adolescence can cause additional burdens and adversities which might put these individuals at higher risk for psychosocial disturbances. Several studies have reported higher depression rates and worse parenting skills for adolescent mothers but results are contradicting and limited.
Methods: Case group consisted of 47 adolescent mothers; whereas 53 of their counterparts who became mothers in reproductive stage were included in control group. Both groups were evaluated using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Pharis Self-Confidence Scale (PSCS) and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MTIBS).
Results: Adolescent mothers were generally living with family elders (p=0.001), under-educated (p<0.001), unemployed (p<0.001) and mostly didn’t receive any physical support for child-bearing (p=0.011). They also had lower MSPSS-Intimate (p<0.001) and MSPSS-Total (p<0.001) scores; whereas adult mothers scored lower on PSCS (p=0.001) and higher on BDI (p<0.001) and MTIBS (p<0.001). There was also a positive correlation between BDI and MTIBS (p<0.001).
Discussion: Majority of the adolescent mothers was less educated and unemployed; but had better mother-to-infant bonding profiles because they had lower depression scores. Also educated and employed adult mothers had lower maternal self-confidence, worse mother-to-infant bonding profiles and higher depression scores. This might reflect possible protective role of more communal family structure/cultural features as well as negative effect of additional distress which working adult mothers may experience. Further studies with larger sample size and diverse cultural backgrounds are needed to better understand the interaction between various psychosocial features.

Key words: Adolescent mother, depression, maternal bonding, maternal self-confidence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. PBS. 2021; 11(3): 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819


Web Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. http://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=84322 [Access: September 27, 2021]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. PBS. 2021; 11(3): 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. PBS. (2021), [cited September 27, 2021]; 11(3): 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



Harvard Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek (2021) New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. PBS, 11 (3), 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



Turabian Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. 2021. New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (3), 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



Chicago Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. "New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11 (2021), 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek. "New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11.3 (2021), 209-218. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mert Besenek| Beril Gürlek (2021) New aspects of being an adolescent mother: Comparison of psychosocial features between adult and adolescent mothers. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (3), 209-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210528045819