E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Case Report 


Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report

Yekta Ozkan, Sermin Yalın Sapmaz, Semra Sen, Masum Ozturk, Hasan Kandemir.

Abstract
Toxoplasma Gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite which may infect all nucleated cells. Studies conducted in adult patients show that toxoplasmosis may be related to psychiatric diseases and there is a correlation between Toxoplasma Gondii and schizophrenia, depressive disorder, type 1 bipolar disorder, increased suicide rates, obsessive compulsive disorder, high aggressiveness and impulsivity. Besides psychosocial causes, biological entities such as chronic physical diseases, neuroendocrine disorders and infections that affect immune system are also blamed for depression. The mechanism by which infections affect the immune system and cause an increase in depression and suicidal behaviours has been tried to be explained by the changes in monoamine neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. In this case, an adolescent girl with treatment-resistant major depression, was treated of her depression after she was diagnosed and treated for T. Gondii infection. Globally, Toxoplasma Gondii infection is usually asymptomatic with 33% prevalence but its effects on brain are uncertain. Its effects may vary from individual to individual. Immunosuppressed persons may experience many different clinical pictures, and those with good immunity may experience psychiatric symptoms or even treatment-resistant psychiatric disorders. Seropositivity of toxoplasma gondii should also be considered in treatment-related psychiatric disorders.

Key words: antidepressant, toxoplasma gondii, treatment-resistant depression


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ozkan Y, Sapmaz SY, Sen S, Ozturk M, Kandemir H. Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. PBS. 2020; 10(4): 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329


Web Style

Ozkan Y, Sapmaz SY, Sen S, Ozturk M, Kandemir H. Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. http://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=302645295 [Access: January 06, 2021]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ozkan Y, Sapmaz SY, Sen S, Ozturk M, Kandemir H. Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. PBS. 2020; 10(4): 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ozkan Y, Sapmaz SY, Sen S, Ozturk M, Kandemir H. Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. PBS. (2020), [cited January 06, 2021]; 10(4): 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



Harvard Style

Ozkan, Y., Sapmaz, . S. Y., Sen, . S., Ozturk, . M. & Kandemir, . H. (2020) Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. PBS, 10 (4), 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



Turabian Style

Ozkan, Yekta, Sermin Yalin Sapmaz, Semra Sen, Masum Ozturk, and Hasan Kandemir. 2020. Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 10 (4), 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



Chicago Style

Ozkan, Yekta, Sermin Yalin Sapmaz, Semra Sen, Masum Ozturk, and Hasan Kandemir. "Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 10 (2020), 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ozkan, Yekta, Sermin Yalin Sapmaz, Semra Sen, Masum Ozturk, and Hasan Kandemir. "Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 10.4 (2020), 216-218. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ozkan, Y., Sapmaz, . S. Y., Sen, . S., Ozturk, . M. & Kandemir, . H. (2020) Treatment-Resistant Depression that Recovered after Toxoplasma Gondii Treatment: A Case Report. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 10 (4), 216-218. doi:10.5455/PBS.20200628055329