E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia

Zekiye Çelikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya.

Abstract
Background
The aim of the present study is to compare the cognitive functions of patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS) in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, and to investigate the relationship between the clinical symptomatology and MetS-related components with cognitive functions.
Methods
This cross-sectional study included 79 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder. All participants were assessed using the Positive PANSS and a neurocognitive battery to assess memory, attention and executive function.
Results
In the study group, 35 (44.30%) patients met the criteria for MetS. The MetS group performed worse than those without MetS on verbal memory subtests. There was no difference in attention and executive functioning of the Mets and non-MetS groups. Multiple regression analyses showed that, elevated HDL were significantly associated with better scores for verbal memory, visual memory, and executive functions. In contrast, a higher BMI was significantly associated with poorer scores on visual memory, verbal memory, attention and executive functioning. Unexpectedly, a greater waist circumference was associated with better scores for executive functioning.
Conclusion
MetS and related components are associated with impaired cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder. Early interventions such as reducing risk related BMI values or increasing HDL levels, may reduce risk factors for MetS and have positive effects on cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia.

Key words: schizophrenia, metabolic syndrome, cognitive function, attention, memory, executive function, verbal memory


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. 2018; 8(4): 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643


Web Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=300666 [Access: March 28, 2023]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. 2018; 8(4): 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. (2018), [cited March 28, 2023]; 8(4): 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



Harvard Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya (2018) Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. PBS, 8 (4), 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



Turabian Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. 2018. Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 8 (4), 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



Chicago Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. "Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 8 (2018), 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya. "Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 8.4 (2018), 147-157. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zekiye Celikbaş, Mesut Yıldız, Sedat Batmaz, Hanife Kocakaya (2018) Effect of comorbid metabolic syndrome and related components on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 8 (4), 147-157. doi:10.5455/PBS.20180530034643