E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye

Omer Alkan, Kubra Kavalci.

Abstract
Mental health is seen as the most basic condition for a good quality of life. Those with a high level of happiness are believed to be healthier and more successful in interpersonal relationships. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the happiness levels of women and men in Türkiye during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, the microdata set obtained from the Life Satisfaction Survey conducted by TURKSTAT in 2020 was utilized. Using generalized ordered logistic regression analysis, the factors associated with the happiness levels of men and women were determined. According to the study’s findings, factors such as age, marital status, level of education, source of happiness (individual), general satisfaction level, level of satisfaction with health, and level of hope for the future are related to the happiness levels of women and men. In the study, it was determined that the importance and effect of the variables vary according to the happiness levels of men and women. It was revealed that employment status and household income were solely associated with the probability of being very happy/happy among men. It was determined that the happiness source (what) and household size variables were only associated with the probability of women being very happy/happy. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it may be advantageous to implement initiatives that increase the level of happiness for men and women, strengthen emotional support, and provide better health care.

Key words: COVID-19 pandemic, happiness level, gender differences, generalized ordered logistic regression, Türkiye.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alkan O, Kavalci K. Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. PBS. 2023; 13(3): 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548


Web Style

Alkan O, Kavalci K. Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=153035 [Access: December 16, 2023]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alkan O, Kavalci K. Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. PBS. 2023; 13(3): 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alkan O, Kavalci K. Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. PBS. (2023), [cited December 16, 2023]; 13(3): 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



Harvard Style

Alkan, O. & Kavalci, . K. (2023) Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. PBS, 13 (3), 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



Turabian Style

Alkan, Omer, and Kubra Kavalci. 2023. Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 13 (3), 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



Chicago Style

Alkan, Omer, and Kubra Kavalci. "Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 13 (2023), 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alkan, Omer, and Kubra Kavalci. "Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 13.3 (2023), 153-165. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alkan, O. & Kavalci, . K. (2023) Gender differences in happiness during COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Türkiye. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 13 (3), 153-165. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230512053548